For producing cigars, tobacco is grown all across the globe, from Poland to South Africa, from Argentina to Canada and, westbound, from Philippines to Mexico. But cigar tobaccos are mainly grown within the intertropical areas.
Tobacco is actually a plant originally from America. Some species were identified in South Pacific. There are numerous species and varieties. Not all are utilized in smoking products. Many are grown as ornamental plants since they are frequently blooming, showing colors from white to deep red and purple.
Here are some of the countries where tobacco is grown, to create your cigars.
Argentina grows dark air-cured tobacco inside the provinces of Misiones and Corrientes, and flue cured tobacco in the community of Salta. Misiones has a manufacturing of Burley type. These tobaccos are mostly for Marlboro cigarettes is appreciated for short filler cigars due to its smooth taste. Argentina used to be a big producer and exporter but variations in the economic and tax policies have seriously damaged the development, making the tobacco expensive to be competitive about the international market. Consequently, production volumes have decreased.
Brazil is one of the largest world’s tobacco producers. The East Central State of Bahia is a vital cigar tobacco growing area, about 100 miles west from the state capital, Salvador da Bahia, a dynamic port in the Atlantic Coast. The Northern State of Alagoas hosts a production throughout the city of Arapiraca where maduro cigar wrappers are grown. The Southern states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina produce tobacco for cigarettes and pipe
Cameroon cigar wrappers are grown in the East area of the country. The growing area spreads within the eastern border, to the Central African Republic. Wrappers are air grown, without fertilizers and pesticides, by small farmers. The typical plantation dimensions are about one acre. The seed is originally from Sumatra, introduced within the country just after WWII. Grown first for French Monopoly needs, the tobacco was offered in the international market when production was too big just for this single use. Well appreciated by European manufacturers and large American cigars companies, Cameroon wrapper production dropped down through the late 1980s, as a result of poor management. Today, quantities are small, and quality might be better.
China is undoubtedly the greatest tobacco producer, with approximately 5 millions metric tons. USA follows with about 1 million metric tons. Chinese tobacco is really a flue-cured type, not aromatic plus a bit sharp in taste. This tobacco is not suited to cigars. It can be mainly used for local cigarette consumption. A small quantity is exported. Cigarette industries import the tobacco and then use it as a neutral and cheap filler.
The Connecticut Valley, within the Northeast of your USA, is famous for its bright yellow cigar wrapper. Because of sizzling hot and sunny summer, the tobacco is shade grown. Whoever has flown over Hartford, CT, seated near the window, could not neglect to have seen the enormous white acreage of land standing all over: the tobacco fields engrossed in white clothes to safeguard the plants through the direct sun radiation. And also the huge barns, large like cathedrals, ready for that flue curing. Impressive!
Tobacco grows all across Cuba. Your premium cigar continues to be made, I really hope, away from pall mall cigarettes coming from the West province of Vuelta Abajo, where an excellent material is harvested. In Central and East Cuba, the provinces of Remedios and Oriente yield tobacco that may be not supposed to be acceptable for what everybody calls a Havana!
Dominican Republic can be a traditional tobacco-growing country. From the 60’s, a Cuban seed was introduced as well as the resulting tobacco (Piloto Cubano) became famous like a good substitute in the Cuban tobacco which was no more permitted to enter into the USA. Exiled Cubans did a great job there. Piloto Cubano is a full bodied tobacco but, maybe, is missing some aroma. Combined with Olor dominicano type, more aromatic, Piloto Cubano helps to make the 100% dominican cigar an extremely decent cigar. Both Dominican types are excellent components for multi-origin blends.
The Eastern countries of your Mediterranean Sea are dedicated to the culture of Oriental type tobacco, that is sun-cured. Greece, Turkey and Bulgaria would be the main producers, but Lebanon, Syria, Macedonia, and Romania may also be growing. This tobacco has tiny leaves, that happen to be sometimes only 2 inches long. Direct sunlight curing gives them a yellowish color and high sugar content. Aroma is usually rich as well as a small proportion of oriental tobacco within a blend brings a great deal inside the taste. This tobacco is not really employed for long filler cigars, but only to put it briefly filler cigars and cigarettes.
Ecuador is an ideal place to grow wrappers, because it is situated on the Equator! And contains rich soils too. The climate conditions, with a nearly permanent cloudy sky, supply a natural shade, devepky47 the wrapper plants from sunshine and allowing the tobacco to cultivate thin and light-weight. Ecuador supplies Connecticut and Sumatra type wrappers to many people cigar factory in the world.
Honduras has built up a strong reputation to make premium cigars. The country can be a rather small tobacco producer and the cigars are mainly crafted from imported leaves. However, Honduras has a pretty good prospect of growing tobacco, especially wrappers, and could be a major player later on.
Tobacco is grown in numerous islands of your Archipelago but, with regards to cigars are worried, Sumatra and Java are the types. Sumatra Wrappers are known worldwide. Central Java (Vorstenland) and East Java (Besuki) produce fillers and wrappers in abundance. Indonesia is really a key country for cigar tobacco.
Dark air cured tobaccos are designed in Mexico, mainly in Vera Cruz and Tampico provinces, around the East Coast across the Golf. There is also some production in Yucatan. Previously a state-owned operation, it is actually now handled by private individuals and cooperatives. Mexican tobacco is incredibly dark and also the best leaves bring maduro wrappers. In San Andres de Tuxtla (Vera Cruz), you will discover a quite interesting manufacture of Sumatra seed wrappers.
In Philippines, tobacco growing is concentrated inside the Northern portion of the main island of Luzon. Traditionally, dark tobacco for cigars was grown and Philippines’ cigars were very famous, within the powerful Compania General de Tabaccos de Filipinas. They probably declined since they were too mild. Today, Philippines still grows dark tobacco and has designed a manufacture of flue-cured tobacco for Benson & Hedges cigarettes.
Zimbabwe is probably the top three countries for top quality flue cured tobacco (with all the USA and Brazil). The embargo that hit the country, when it was still Rhodesia, failed to hurt the production. It made the Rhodesians more inventive and they also continued producing. At this time, Zambia and Tanzania, the neighboring countries were selling a great deal! When the embargo was lifted in 1980 allowing us to deal directly, we discovered a remarkable organization and equipment, the most effective worldwide. Tobacco was the top activity of the country and getting a task in tobacco was a challenge for several men. The exact Zimbabwean agrarian policy , which we won’t discuss here, will probably strike this country off the set of tobacco producers. Cigar industry will not likely suffer as flue-cured tobaccos are mainly concerned. Brazil should be the major beneficiary of this situation.